The main requirements for a speedy recovery after breast augmentation are moral preparation, strict adherence to the doctor's recommendations and a positive attitude. The rules and restrictions that surgeons must adhere to reduce the risk of undesirable consequences, and drug therapy alleviates the condition and improves the result.
Complications caused by infection of the wound can appear after 1-2 weeks: increasing swelling, severe pain, fever.
In patients suffering from a blood coagulation disorder, in the first 3 weeks they allow physical activity or remove compression underwear, hematomas appear.
Injuries to the glands, stress on the pleural girdle, walking, bending can provoke rotation, rotation of the implant.
In women with a lack of glandular fat tissue, visualization, probing of the endoprosthesis, corrugation (skin rippling) is possible. Such defects are corrected by lipofilling.
After 3 - 12 months are diagnosed:
- capsular contracture (hardening of the fibrous membrane);
- asymmetry of the glands, nipples;
- stagnation of lymph fluid (seroma);
- hypertrophic keloid scars;
- anaplastic lymphoma (about 100 cases / 1 million surgeries).
Recovery phase schedule
The complexity and duration of rehabilitation depend on the degree of complexity of the mammoplasty. After a simple augmentation with implants, women recover faster and easier than after complex endoprosthetics in combination with a lift, the removal of excess tissue.
The postoperative wound heals in 5-7 days. Implants root within 8-10 weeks. A new breast is formed up to six months. To control the dynamics of wound healing and detect complications, the surgeon conducts scheduled examinations.
The outcome of the operation depends 30% on the experience and knowledge of the doctor. 70% of the result is formed by the correct behavior of the patient. A woman should know how to behave, which sensations are the norm, and which are a deviation.
First postoperative week
On the first day, the patient is in the intensive care unit. The effects of anesthesia are felt: weakness, drowsiness, nausea. Chest pain is dull in nature. To relieve the condition, analgesics are prescribed. At the end of the first day they are allowed to walk. On the second day they issue an extract.
The first 3 - 6 days are the rule:
- temperature rise to 37. 9 degrees;
- a feeling of tension, bloating in the mammary glands (the larger the volume of the endoprosthesis, the stronger the sensations);
- edema, hematoma (the appearance of new hematomas, an increase in the size of edema is an alarming symptom);
- Loss of skin sensitivity in the nipple area, lower pole.
A compression bra is required. It is impossible to take off underwear for 30-45 days even at night. It is necessary to appear for the bandage on the days specified by the doctor. It is forbidden to raise your hands, sleep on your side and stomach, take a bath and lift objects weighing more than a few kg.
Second postoperative week
From the 6th day, the pain and discomfort disappear. The threads will be on the 7th -10th. day away. The swelling remains, invisible under the underwear.
Breast pleases with volume. Women can go to non-physical work, do simple household chores.
In order for the implant to keep the correct position for a month after breast augmentation, it is impossible:
- walk, sleep without compression underwear;
- lie on your stomach, sides;
- lean forward, down;
- jump and run, strain the shoulder girdle, push;
- Lift weights;
A month after the operation
After 4 - 6 weeks, the swelling of the glands is hardly noticeable or disappears. There is itching, tingling, slight pain in the scar area.
Women lead normal lives: going to bed without underwear, taking a warm bath, going for long walks. The compression bandage is replaced with an underwired bra, a sports top, with the doctor's permission.
Yoga and Pilates classes are allowed. At home, they warm up easily, avoiding movements that cause pain and discomfort. Loads on the legs are not contraindicated. The mammary glands must be protected from impact, pressure and shock. Still can not overheat, sunbathe, fly.
More than a month after implant placement
Most restrictions are lifted after 60-75 days. During this time, a capsule forms and the chest muscles adapt to the endoprosthesis. The risk of displacement, coup of implants is reduced.
From the third month it is allowed to sleep on the stomach, relax in the sauna, bathe on the beach. You can pump the press, do inclines, do gymnastics, walk healthily on the street or on a treadmill. The doctor allows jogging, jumping in 4 - 5 months, power loads - in six months.
In the first year you can only do sports in a tight sports top. Traumatization of the gland should be avoided during the entire wearing time of the implant.
Medications, drugs, diet to reduce the rehabilitation period
In the first week, the patients come to the clinic to get dressed, after which they take care of their breasts independently. The doctor prescribes:
- antibacterial, antifungal therapy (7-10 days);
- Antiseptics for treating seams (brilliant green solution, iodine, antiseptic solutions for 15-20 days).
When the scabs come off, the scars are smeared with wound healing agents. Depending on the stage of recovery, surgeons recommend anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial ointments.
When buying bras, you need to choose models with wide straps and deep cups. To make the chest heal faster, include in the diet a large amount of protein foods: fish, poultry, cottage cheese. Eat fresh vegetables and fruits, dishes based on gelatin (brawn, jelly) containing zinc, peanuts, pine nuts, beans.
Frequently asked questions, answers to them
I want to opt for the surgery but I don't know what to expect?
After 3D modeling, you can see the aesthetic result on the screen. After the procedure, the pain is insignificant, discomfort is felt in the first 5 days. If you follow the restrictions, you will process the seams correctly. In a few months you can admire the new forms and forget about the operation.
Do bad habits (smoking, alcohol) affect the rehabilitation process?
The use of alcohol and nicotine causes vasospasm, which leads to insufficient oxygen supply to tissues. After each cigarette, the vessels remain constricted for up to 90 minutes. In patients who smoke, drink alcohol, rejection, tissue necrosis occurs three times more often.
I go to the gym quite often. Are there any restrictions?
You can go to the gym from the fifth week, but you need to limit yourself to walking on a treadmill, exercises for the press and leg muscles. Yoga, Pilates are allowed. Track running, dumbbell exercises are possible after 4 to 6 months. Professional bodybuilding and weightlifting are prohibited for women with implants under the pectoral muscle.
Sexuality is important to me. Is an active sex life possible during rehabilitation?
In the first three to five days, discomfort and pain do not contribute to the awakening of sexual desires. From the end of the first week you can and should have sex. It is necessary to protect the chest from pressure and shaking. Choose positions where the man is behind, place your hands on a solid support to reduce body swing, and have fun.
Tell us about the rules of rest after the operation?
The doctor recommends resting in a semi-sitting position for the first three days. For 20-30 days you can only sleep on your back.
I cannot find a detailed description of how to carry out hygiene measures during the rehabilitation period on the Internet. give me some advice
Showering is allowed for 3-4 days. The water temperature is 36 degrees. The seam can be wetted, but you can't touch it with your hands, a washcloth. Use baby soap, pH neutral gel. After bathing, you need to treat the scar with an antiseptic, apply a bandage and put on compression underwear. After 30 days, a warm bath is allowed.
My work involves frequent business trips. Can you often resort to air travel?
The flight ban will be lifted after 90 days. The frequency of flights is not limited.